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Ричард Флорида Новый кризис городов Новый кризис городов м издательская группа Точка

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Conversable Economist, December 12, 2013, http://conversableeconomist.blogspot.ca/2013/12/secular-stagnation-back-to-alvin-hanson.html;
Larry Summers, “U.S. Economic Prospects: Secular Stagnation, Hysteresis, and the Zero Lower
Bound”, Business Economics 49, no. 2 (2014): 65–73, http://larrysummers.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/NABE-speech-Lawrence-H-Summers1.pdf. Подробнее об упадке американских инноваций и продуктивности в более широком смысле см. Robert J. Gordon, The Rise and Fall of American Growth(Princeton, NJ: Princeton University
Press, 2016).
3. Paul Krugman, “Ideology and Investment”, New York Times, October 26, 2014, https://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/27/opinion/paul-krugman-ideologyand-investment.html.
4. House of Lords Select Committee on Economic Affairs, Building More Homes, UK
Parliament, July 15, 2016, https://www.publications.parliament. uk/pa/ld201617/ldselect/ldeconaf/20/2006.htm.
5. Tyler Cowen, “Market Urbanism and Tax Incidence”, Marginal Revolution, April 19, 2016, http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2016/04/market-urbanism-and-tax-incidence.htm l.
6. Цитата из Stephen Wickens, “Jane Jacobs: Honoured in the Breach”, Globe and Mail, May
6, 2011, www.theglobeandmail.com/arts/jane-jacobs-honoured-in-the-breach/article597904.
7. Henry George, Progress and Poverty (New York: Robert Schalkenbach Foundation, 1997
[1879]). Подробнее о Генри Джордже см. Edward T. O’Donnell, Henry George and the Crisis of
Inequality (New York: Columbia University Press, 2015); “Why Henry George Had a Point”, The
Economist, April 1, 2015, www.economist.com/blogs/freeexchange/2015/04/land-value-tax.
8. David Schleicher, “City Unplanning”, Yale Law Journal 122, no. 7 (May 2013): 1670–1737.
9. “Tax Trial: Land Value Tax for London?”, London Assembly Planning Committee,
February 2016, https://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/files/final-draft-lvt-report_2.pdf.
10. Enrico Moretti and Chang- Tai Hsieh, “Why Do Cities Matter? Local Growth and
Aggregate Growth”, National Bureau of Economic Research, May 7, 2015, http://faculty.chicagobooth.edu/chang-tai.hsieh/research/growth.pdf.
11. Richard Florida, “The Mega- Regions of North America”, Martin Prosperity Institute,
Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, March 11, 2014, http://martinprosperity.org/content/the-mega-regions-of-north-america.
202 12. Источник этих данных Richard Florida, “Mega-Regions and High-Speed Rail”, Atlantic,
May 4, 2009, www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2009/05/mega-regions-and-high-speed-rail/17006.
13. Todd Sinai and Joseph Gyourko, “The (Un)Changing Geographic Distribution of Housing
Tax Benefits, 1980 to 2000”, NBER Working Paper no. 10322, National Bureau of Economic
Research, February 2004, www.nber.org/papers/w10322.pdf; Robert Collinson, Ingrid Gould Ellen, and Jens Ludwig, “Low-Income Housing Policy”, NBER Working Paper no. 21071, National
Bureau of Economic Research, 2015, www.nber.org/papers/w21071; Richard Florida, “The U.S.
Spends Far More on Homeowner Subsidies Than It Does on Affordable Housing”, CityLab, April
17, 2015, www.citylab.com/housing/2015/04/the-us-spends-far-more-on-homeowner-subsidies-than-it-does-o n-affordable-housing/390666.
14. Richard Florida, “How the Crash Will Reshape America”, Atlantic, March 2009, www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2009/03/how-the-crash-will-reshape-america/307293;
Richard Florida, The Great Reset: How the Post-Crash Economy Will Change the Way We Live and
Work (New York: Harper Business, 2010); Nick Timiraos, “U.S. Homeownership Rate Falls to
20-Year Low”, Wall Street Journal, January 29, 2015, http://blogs.wsj.com/economics/2015/01/29/u-s-homeownership-rate-falls-to-20-year-low; Hilary
Osborne, “Home Ownership in England at Lowest Level in 30 Years as Housing Crisis
Grows”, Guardian, August 2, 2016, https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/aug/02/home-ownership-in-england-at-lowest-level-in-3 0-years-as-housing-crisis-grows.
15. “Home Ownership Struggle Hits Coronation Street”, Resolution Foundation, August 2,
2016, http://www.resolutionfoundation.org/media/press-releases/home-ownership-struggle-hits-coronatio n-street/.
16. Feargus O’Sullivan, “In London, Renters Now Outnumber Homeowners”, CityLab,
February 25, 2016, http://www.citylab.com/housing/2016/02/londons-renters-now-outnumber-homeowners/470946/.
17. Источник данных о повышении числа арендаторов и увеличении арендной платы гарвардский Центр по изучению жилья (Joint Center for Housing Studies). См. America’s Rental
Housing: Expanding Options for Diverse and Growing Demand, Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University, December 2015, www.jchs.harvard.edu/research/publications/americas-rental-housing-expanding-options-diverse-an d-growing-demand.
18. Richard Florida, “The Steady Rise of Renting”, CityLab, February 16, 2016, www.citylab.com/housing/2016/02/the-rise-of-renting-in-the-us/462948.
19. Lauren Fedor and Chris Parmenter, “Where Do Londoners Spend the Largest Share of
Their Income on Rent? New Analysis from Labour Mayoral Candidate Sadiq Khan Shows Average
Rent Now Costs 62 per cent of Average Londoner’s Income”, City A.M., January 12, 2016, http://www.cityam.com/
232121/where-do-londoners-spend-the-largest-share-of-their-income-on-rent-new-analysis-from-la bour-mayoral-candidate-sadiq-khan-shows-average-rent-now-costs-62-per-cent-of-average-londone rs-income.
20. Miriam Zuk and Karen Chappel, “Housing Production, Filtering, and Displacement:
Untangling the Relationships”, University of California– Berkeley, Institute of Governmental
Studies, Research Brief, May 2016, www.urbandisplacement.org/sites/default/files/images/udp_research_brief_052316.pdf.
21. Richard Florida, “Class-Divided Cities: London Edition”, CityLab, Nov 5, 2013, http://www.citylab.com/work/2013/11/londons-class-divides/ 6056/.
22. Arindrajit Dube, “The Minimum We Can Do”, New York Times, November 30, 2013, http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/11/30/the-minimum-we-can-do; Arindrajit Dube, T.
William Lester, and Michael Reich, “Minimum Wage Effects Across State Borders: Estimates
Using Contiguous Counties”, Review of Economics and Statistics 92, no. 4 (2010): 945–964.
23. Richard Florida, “The Case for a Local Minimum Wage”, CityLab, December 11, 2013, www.citylab.com/work/2013/12/why-every-city-needs-its-own-minimum-wage/7801; Arindrajit
Dube, “Proposal 13: Designing Thoughtful Minimum Wage Policy at the State and Local Levels”,
Brookings Institution, 2014, www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2014/06/19-minimum-wage-policy-state-local-levels-dube.
24. James Womack, Daniel T. Jones, and Daniel Roos, The Machine That Changed the
World (New York: Free Press, 1990).
25. Zeynep Ton, The Good Jobs Strategy: How the Smartest Companies Invest in Employees
to Lower Costs and Boost Profits (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2014); Richard Florida,
“The Business Case for Paying Service Workers More”, CityLab, March 3, 2014, www.theatlanticcities.com/jobs-and-economy/2014/03/case-paying-service-workers-more/8506.
26. Michael Erard, “Creative Capital? In the City of Ideas, the People with Ideas Are the Ones with Day Jobs”, Austin Chronicle, February 28, 2003 www.austinchronicle.com/news/2003-02-28/147078.
27. Robert J. Sampson, “Individual and Community Economic Mobility in the Great Recession
Era: The Spatial Foundations of Persistent Inequality”, in Economic Mobility: Research and Ideas
on Strengthening Families, Communities, and the Economy (St. Louis: Federal Reserve Bank,
28. Подробнее об обучении в раннем детстве см. James J. Heckman, “Skill Formation and the Economics of Investing in Disadvantaged Children”, Science 312 (June 2006): 1900–1902;
William Dickens, Isabell Sawhill, and Jeffrey Tebbs, “The Effects of Investing in Early Education on Economic Growth”, Brookings Institution, June 2006; Timothy Bartik, “Investing in Kids: Early
Childhood Programs and Local Economic Development”, Upjohn Institute, 2014, http://research.upjohn.org/up_press/207. Подробнее о роли общеобразовательных учреждений в росте экономики США см. Claudia Goldin and Lawrence Katz, The Race Between Education and
Technology(Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008).
29. European Commission, “An Introduction to EU Cohesion Policy 2014–2020”, European
Commission, June 2014, http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docgener/informat/basic/basic_2014_en.pdf.
30. European Commission, “Smart Stories: Implementing Smart Specialisation Across
Europe”, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, 2016, http://s3platform.jrc.ec.europa.eu/documents/20182/176472/S3P+Booklet+Smart+Stories/716d227 8-3a69-4ffb-891c-d38582eb6879.
31. Robert A. Moffit, “The Negative Income Tax and the Evolution of U.S. Welfare
Policy”, Journal of Economic Perspectives 17, no. 1 (August 2003): 119–140.
32. С.Р. Уолдман назвал это венчурным капиталом для людей. Steven Randy Waldman,
“VC for the People”, Interfluidity, April 16, 2014, www.interfluidity.com/v2/5066.html.
33. Richard Florida, “How Stronger Cities Could Help Fix Fragile Nations”, CityLab,
November 19, 2015, www.citylab.com/politics/2015/11/how-stronger-cities-could-help-fix-fragile-nations/416661.
34. Brandon Fuller, “Rethinking Refugee Camps: A Practical Approach to Solving an
Intractable Problem”, City Journal, December 11, 2015, www.city-journal.org/2015/eon1211bf.html.
35. Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce, “Unleashing
Metro Growth: Final Recommendations of the City Growth Commission”, London, October 2015, www.thersa.org/discover/publications-and-articles/reports/unleashing-metro-growth-final-recomme ndations.
36. “Everything You Need to Know About Metro Mayors: An FAQ”, Centre for Cities, June
27, 2016, http://www.centreforcities.org/publication/everything-need-know-metro-mayors/.
204 37. Benjamin Barber, If Mayors Ruled the World: Dysfunctional Cites, Rising Nations(New
Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2013); Barber, “Can Cities Counter the Power of President-Elect
Donald Trump?”, Nation, November 14, 2013, www.thenation.com/article/can-cities-counter-the-power-of-president-elect-donald-trump/.
38. На основе цитаты из Feargus O’Sullivan, “What Can London’s Mayor Actually Do for the City?”, CityLab, February 24,
2017.https://www.citylab.com/politics/2017/02/sadiq-khan-london-mayor-powers-agenda/517617/. ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ
1. Paul D. Allison, “Measures of Inequality”, American Sociological Review 43, no. 6 (December
1978): 865–880.
2. Подробнее об индексе расхождения см. Douglas Massey and Nancy Denton, “The
Dimensions of Residential Segregation”, Social Forces 67, no. 2 (1988):281–315.
3. Подробнее об индексе высоких технологий см. Ross DeVol, Perry Wong, John
Catapano, and Greg Robitshek, America’s High- Tech Economy: Growth, Development, and Risks
for Metropolitan Areas (Santa Monica, CA: Milken Institute, 1999).
4. Barry Hirsch and David MacPherson, “Union Membership and Coverage Database from the
CPS”, Union Stats, 2014, http://unionstats.com.
5. Подробнее о средневзвешенной плотности населения см. Steven G. Wilson, David A.
Plane, Paul J. Mackun, Thomas R. Fischetti, and Justyna Goworowska et al., Patterns of
Metropolitan and Micropolitan Population Change: 2000 to 2010, 2010 Census Special Reports,
September 2012 (Washington, DC: US Census Bureau), www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/reports/c2010sr-01.pdf.
6. Данные о результатах выборов на уровне штатов взяты из СМИ, например CNN.
Metro-level data are compiled from county-level sources based on Dave Leip’s “Atlas of U.S.
Presidential Elections” for 2012 and 2016, http://uselectionatlas.org.
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